The UN climate agency assured this Wednesday, October 26 that the latest commitments of the States concerning the Paris agreement were “very far” from respecting the objective allowing to limit global warming to 1.5 ° C.
A very worrying situation. On the occasion of the publication of a summary of the recent commitments of the signatory countries of the Paris agreement this Wednesday, October 26, the UN declared that the latter was “very far” from respecting the objective allowing to limit global warming to 1.5°C.
Less than two weeks from the opening of COP27, Simon Stiell, the head of the UN Climate, warns: “We are very far from the level and the speed of reduction of emissions necessary to put us on the towards a 1.5°C world”.
On the contrary, the sum of the commitments of the 196 parties to the agreement “could put the world on the path to a warming of 2.5°C by the end of the century”, underlines the agency
Moreover, in a report on long-term strategies towards “carbon neutrality”, published on Wednesday, the UN Climate said that the emissions of countries that have adopted such plans could drop by around 68% if they are actually implemented. But immediately warns that “many” of these plans are “uncertain” and without concrete application.
The 2015 Paris Agreement sets the goal of keeping global warming “well below 2°C below pre-industrial levels”, despite the fact that humanity has begun to exploit fossil fuels on a large scale responsible for greenhouse gas emissions.
Many states have not kept their promises. However, at the last COP26 in 2021 in Glasgow, the signatories of the agreement had committed to revising annually, and no longer every five years, their commitments in the fight against emissions, called “determined contribution at the level national” (NDC).
However, only 24 out of 196 countries submitted new or revised NDCs. The latter had to be delivered no later than September 23, in order to be able to study them in preparation for COP27 which will be held from November 6 to 18 in Sharm el-Sheikh in Egypt. This figure was called “disappointing” by Simon Stiell in a statement.
“To keep this goal (of 1.5°C) alive governments must strengthen their plans now and implement them within the next eight years,” insists the UN official.
This a particularly worrying finding when we know that global emissions must fall by 45% by 2030, compared to 2010 levels, to meet this objective. At the moment, with the latest NDC summary, a 10.6% increase in emissions could occur over this period, if nothing changes.